Ethiopia is home to about 13 million children under 5 years of age – approximately 16 per cent of the total population of 96 million. By 2050, Ethiopia will have 58 million children under 18 years (6% of Africa).
Among fastest growing economies in the world. GDP increased from about 8 billion USD in 2000 to more than 70 billion USD in 2017. However, per capita income remains low at USD 783. Ethiopia is at high risk of climate-related shocks, including droughts and disease outbreaks. Over 80 per cent of the population resides in rural areas and is dependent on rain-fed agriculture. Despite strong economic growth, 25 million people – 26 per cent of the population – live below the national poverty line, which in Ethiopia is calculated at US$0.60 per day. High poverty levels and an over reliance on subsistence agriculture and pastoralism mean shocks often translate into extended humanitarian situations that affect large parts of the country.
3 million children are out of school (mainly from pastoralist and semi pastoralist communities);
Only 3% of children under 5 have their births registered;
Progress on malnutrition between 2000 to 2016 but still greater among children in rural areas (40 percent) than in urban areas (25 percent)
Equity: the absolute number of poor has not changed between 2005 and 2013 (25 million people);
Multidimensional poverty and deprivation for children very high: 90% of children (43 million) are deprived at least in 2 to 5 of the dimensions.