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Child-saving movement has got birth in the nineteenth century where those legislation that protect the child rights has developed in different parts of the Western world (Rai,ND: 3). Moreover, as a consequences of the II World War an agreement was reached affirming that the protection of rights is an international concern and it was contended that all individuals are allowed to acquire basic human dignity by virtue of their humanity and that certain human rights are universal and fundamental. Thus, they should not and cannot be violated by cultural and religious traditions. This resulted UDHR. However, for the rights of children were implicitly addressed many contended as the special needs of children justified an additional separate document. As a result, on its formation after the II World War the UN accepted the’ Declaration of Geneva’, which is developed by the International Save the Children Union in 1923 and restructured the declaration in 1959
There are also certain challenges for effective child rights protection in Ethiopia due to the absence of certain components that create more enabling or protective environment. These are the absence of domestic legislation that entail the mechanism, procedure and remedies for implementing the whole provisions of the Convention, self monitoring mechanism with adequate backing in terms of authority, budget and human resource, CSOs cooperation with independent monitoring mechanisms let alone to function independently in effective manner, continuous assessment of the effectiveness of training in practice, and also the absence of institutions with the necessary services and facilities in order to host children in conflict with law. Thus, in order to protect the rights of children effectively like Kenya among others, legal and institutional measures that solve the challenges should be taken in Ethiopia.

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