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The unquestioned supposition that children could and should depend upon the sole protection of adults to make sure the exercise of their rights was reflected in the 1924 DRC and continued to be reflected in the1959 DRC as well as in many of the public and private international law Conventions enacted in the 1900’s and in the first half of the 1970’s
(Kibuka etal.,ND: 167).However, the coming of the major international Convention on children’s rights in 1989 i.e. CRC and its ratification shows government’s dedication in order to implement the rights of children listed in the Convention (Gran and Bryant, 2011:4). The Convention is a comprehensive document consisting 54 Articles of which 42 deals with civil, political, social, economic and cultural rights of children. These articles enhance the protection of children, their participation in the societies in which they live, and provision of services and care. The others (articles 43-54) indicate what states and the UN supposed to do in order to make sure these rights are available to children (Gran and Bryant, 2011: 4 & Webb, 2014:1-2). Thus, the Convention not only outlines the rights of children, but also those who are entrusted for the protection of these rights or implementation of the Convention.
Therefore, this research paper comparatively analyzes child rights protection in Ethiopia and Kenya based on the requirements of CRC to which both states are parties. The Main Objective of this study is to explore the experience of Kenya and analyze the challenges and prospects for effective child rights protection in Ethiopia. Qualitative research approach and also comparative research approach for methodology, both primary and secondary data as a data source, Purposive sampling technique for sampling and interview for data collection, exploratory as well as analytical technique for data analysis and system theory, particularly ecological system theory as a theoretical framework is adopted.

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