The Convention is a comprehensive document consisting 54 Articles of which 42 deals with civil, political, social, economic and cultural rights of children. These articles enhance the protection of children, their participation in the societies in which they live, and provision of services and care. The others (articles 43-54) indicate what states and the UN supposed to do in order to make sure these rights are available to children (Gran and Bryant, 2011: 4 & Webb, 2014:1-2). Thus, the Convention not only outlines the rights of children, but also those who are entrusted for the protection of these rights or implementation of the Convention.
However, states are the primary responsible body for the protection of children. So that, they are expected to set up and implement child protection system that ensure non-discriminatory access to all children under their jurisdiction in line with their international obligations Thus, they should not and cannot be violated by cultural and religious traditions. This resulted UDHR. However, for the rights of children were implicitly addressed many contended as the special needs of children justified an additional separate document. As a result, on its formation after the II World War the UN accepted the’ Declaration of Geneva’, which is developed by the International Save the Children Union in 1923 and restructured the declaration in 1959 (Webb, 2014:1).
The unquestioned supposition that children could and should depend upon the sole protection of adults to make sure the exercise of their rights was reflected in the 1924 DRC and continued to be reflected in the1959 DRC as well as in many of the public and private international law Conventions enacted in the 1900’s and in the first half of the 1970’s
(Kibuka etal.,ND: 167).However, the coming of the major international Convention on children’s rights in 1989 i.e.